Death is an infinite mystery. There are few who can speak of it in the first person and few accounts of those who have recovered from a confirmed diagnosis of clinical death. Billy Graham said, ‘I am convinced that only when a man is prepared to die is he also prepared to live.’

My personal reflection about death started during my teenage years, after the sudden death of some people close to me, and continued during medical school, specialisation in vascular surgery and coordination of organ harvesting from cadaver donors. In my master’s dissertation in bioethics, I researched the concept of brain death and its medical, ethical, and legal implications. However, the most relevant answers I found on the problem of death were not obtained from philosophers, theologians, sociologists, or health professionals. They were the result of my faith in Jesus Christ, the only one who can declare with all authority that he is alive and has power over death and hell (Revelation 1:17-18).

Martin Luther King Jr wrote shortly before his assassination in 1968: ‘God, through Christ has taken the sting from death, and it no longer has dominion over us. This earthly life is merely an embryonic prelude to a new awakening.’

What is death?

Death is considered a dramatic reality of human existence and the main taboo of our age. It is a unique and irreversible event for each person. The diagnosis of death almost always results from an irreversible cardiorespiratory arrest, whatever the underlying disease or the factor that caused the termination of vital functions.

Death is universal and it is the most egalitarian event of human existence, because it does not discriminate between men and women, between rich and poor, or between celebrities and ordinary people. The time of death is usually unpredictable, although we can influence our longevity by the way we live. Most diseases, such as cardiovascular and oncological diseases (the two main causes of death worldwide) are influenced by behavioural risk factors related to lifestyle. Recent studies have shown that adopting healthy behaviours such as not smoking, controlling weight, exercising, avoiding alcohol consumption, and eating a healthy diet can contribute to a lower incidence of cardiovascular disease, cancer and type 2 diabetes, and an increase in life expectancy.

The enormous medical and technological progress achieved in the last decades has led to a considerable increase in the average life expectancy, especially in developed countries. Prevention has contributed more to this increase in longevity than the possibility of treatment of many diseases, through improved hygiene and sanitary conditions, effective vaccination, and generalised access to health services. But despite all the successes in the fight against the disease, sooner or later the moment of death always arrives.

The death that gives meaning to life

The good news is that death is not the end of the human being, because each one of us is a biopsychosocial and spiritual entity, consisting of a body and a soul and/or spirit. The spiritual dimension of the human being is eternal and, therefore, does not disappear nor is annihilated by bodily death.

It is my personal conviction, based on the Word of God, that in the person of Jesus Christ, God made Man, we find the answer to the existential problem of death, considered an enemy that was not part of the original plans of the Creator. The sacrificial and voluntary death of Jesus on the cross of Calvary gives meaning to the lives of all those who, through the centuries, have accepted and followed Him as the promised Messiah and the only way to God. Jesus died to set free ‘those who all their lives were held in slavery by their fear of death’ (Hebrews 2:15).

For Christians, the attitude towards death should be like that of the apostle Paul, who recognised that he was faced with a dilemma: to remain alive and enjoy the fruit of his labour or ‘to depart and be with Christ, which is better by far’ (Philippians 1:22-23). In his letter to his young disciple Timothy, shortly before he was put to death by order of the Roman Emperor, he expresses his unshakeable confidence in the promises of God: ‘For I am already being poured out like a drink offering, and the time for my departure is near. I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith. Now there is in store for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, will award to me on that day – and not only to me, but also to all who have longed for his appearing.’ (2 Timothy 4:6-8).

Most of us do not know at what moment we will make the last journey and finally will have the opportunity to ‘look death in the eye’. It could be many years from now or in the next few minutes. One thing is certain: the decisions we make today, while we live in this world, limited by time and space, will have eternal consequences. After death, there will not be another opportunity to repent and have peace with God, as we read in the Letter to the Hebrews 9:27: ‘People are destined to die once, and after that to face judgment’.

I found peace with God and the assurance of salvation and eternal life when I surrendered my life to Jesus Christ, repenting of my sins and believing that He died on the cross in my place. From that moment on I have never feared death again because I know where I am going when I die. And you?


Jorge Cruz MD PhD (Bioethics) is a vascular surgeon working in Portugal. He is a member of the national committee of the Portuguese Association of Christian Doctors and Nurses (AEMC).

2 Comments

  1. Frances Aldridge on 29 March 2021 at 12:10 pm

    Thank you Jorge. As someone with many illnesses and aged 81, I think nearly everyday about death, and am so grateful to Jesus for dying for me

  2. Angelene on 30 March 2021 at 9:22 am

    Thank you!there is no fear of death now!we win wen we die

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